Miguel de Benavides Library and Archives






Collection 8  Rare Periodical Publications




Collection 1 First University Collections

Collection 2 Collegiate Collections

Boletín Eclesiástico del Arzobispado de Manila

A newspaper on Catholic Church matters with focus on doctrine, Church news, the writings of Pope Leo XIII, mission work, church legislation, saints’ biographies and communications of the Manila Archbishop. It has 8 pages; the text is in two columns, at the start of every article of every section. Written in Spanish with official and doctrinal sections.


La Estrella de Antipolo

A Catholic weekly paper aimed at maintaining the Catholic faith among the people. There are several articles against Masonry and Protestantism. It has writings about Catechism, the saints, explanations about the sacraments, negative articles about the Church, explanations about other religions and practices. It is written in Spanish.


La Estrella de Manila

This is a daily newspaper containing notices and news from the Philippines, Spain, Europe, and America. It is written in Spanish. It includes the following sections: Religious, Spanish News, Foreign News, Literary, Port Activities, Business, Notices, Announcements, Advertisements, Cultural Activities in Manila, Products for Sale, Current Prices of Commodities, an industrial section, a scientific section, political chronicles, and a serialized novel. Every issue includes the Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas. The newspaper uses the idiom of the times with incon-sistencies in spelling. Aside from news, the paper tries to make the reader enjoy poetry, novels and character sketches. Some articles included in this issue were taken from previously published articles; proper citation/acknowledgements given.


Clarification: The Spanish and foreign sections of the paper give many news that the people working in La Estrella de Manila got from many Spanish or international newspapers. They always acknowledge the original newspaper from where they got the information they give in the La Estrella. Even if those papers reached here with some months of delay, they arrived and were read. It is in good condition although the edges of the pages are brittle.



With the change of regime in the Philippines at the end of the 19th century a new press, contrary to the interests of the previous rulers started a phase of propaganda against Spain and against religious orders that had until then evangelized and educated the Filipino people.


To counteract this propaganda the Archbishop of Manila, Most Reverend Sr. Dn. Bernardino Nozaleda proposed to the authorities of the Province of the Holy Rosary, and in particular to the Dominican professors of the University of Santo Tomas the foundation of a newspaper that could respond to the criticisms and calumnies and to explain the truth to the Filipinos.


He advanced the amount of two thousand (2,000) pesos, and the university entrusted the task of Director to Fr. Valentin Marin, O.P. and nominal director, the illustrious Filipino journalist Sr. D. Manuel Ravago.


This new publication was given the name Libertas, in honor of the famous Encyclical of Leo XIII. It was received with scorn by the local press, but little by little the new newspaper was able to establish a firm hold owing to the wisdom and knowledge of its contributors who advanced solid arguments in the defense of the traditional catholic values and ideas. Under the direction of Fr. Valentin Marin and Fr. Serapio Tamayo, Libertas quieted the enemies of the friars.


On January 31, 1918, Libertas closed its glorious career with a farewell to its readers.



El Martes Escolar - Revista Semanal

Previously, El Correo Sino–Annamita o Correspondencia de las Misiones del Sagrado Orden de Predicadores en China, Tun–King, Formosa y Japón. A Catholic magazine about Dominican missions in Asia. It includes articles on culture, arts, history, and on all activities organized by the Dominicans of the Holy Rosary Province in the mission lands. In good condition.


Misiones Dominicanas

Previously, El Correo Sino–Annamita o Correspondencia de las Misiones del Sagrado Orden de Predicadores en China, Tun–King, Formosa y Japón. A Catholic magazine about Dominican missions in Asia. It includes articles on culture, arts, history, and on all activities organized by the Dominicans of the Holy Rosary Province in the mission lands. In good condition.


Revista Católica de Filipinas

This is a bilingual (Spanish-Tagalog) Catholic magazine. It contains sections on doctrine, religious practices, useful knowledge, literary work sections and religious chronicle. In February 1889, it started a new version of the magazine, in which the text was written only in Spanish. It also added some scientific and historical articles. “In its 4th year (1892), the heading was again slightly changed and from the printing press of Balbas… moved to that of Colegio de Santo Tomas.” (Retana, 1895) The copies are in good condition although pages are brittle .



El Agricultor Filipino

Illustrated newspaper addressed to farmers & agricultural societies for the improvement of agriculture in the country. It contains articles on all Philippine farm products, plants, animals, experiments done, farmer’s education on well being and sickness of animals and people. Copy no. 10 (October 1916) is in English, the rest are in Spanish. Copies are in good condition.


Agricultural Life

Contains articles, information and news on Philippine agriculture, rural life and education. The development of industry is often elaborated in certain topics such as vegetable or plant growing, animal livestock, lumber, agricultural improvement and problems, and farm machinery. Animal and plant diseases are also mentioned in some articles.


Alipatos–Semanario Satírico

Texts are in Spanish; some verses are in Filipino. It contains news, articles, information and poetry, along with caricature, comical strips, historical stories and classified ads.


Boletín Mensual

A bulletin published by Observatorio de Manila about meteorology and astronomy.


Boletín de El Faro Jurídico

A magazine on legislation and jurisprudence to inform lawyers about the changes in the Spanish legislation. It contains all documents about the Philippines that were published by the Gaceta Oficial de Madrid. Text is in Spanish. The name of the newspaper was changed from El Faro Jurídico to Boletín de El Faro Jurídico in 1884 .


Boletín Oficial de Filipinas

Even if this publication is an official bulletin of the government, it looks like a regular newspaper with official, local and international news, church documents and even Spanish foreign novel by chapters. Pages are brittle.

Note: Also available in microfilm at the UST Archives; some images are dilapidated, hence, not accessible.


Boletín Oficial del Magisterio Filipino

The objective of this bulletin is to propagate all valid knowledge applicable to primary education in the country. Professional matters, relations among teachers, sharing of knowledge, and propagation of the Spanish language in the Archipelago. The magazine has different sections: a Legislative section which includes decrees, statutes, notices, dispositions, name of new teachers, vacancy on schools, exams; a Pedagogical section; a Practical knowledge section (different lessons on various pedagogical aspects); a Peninsular section (from different schools in Spain); and, a Foreign section (about education in the colonies and other countries).


El Catolico Filipino

A Catholic magazine on current news. The editorial section is always dedicated to Church doctrines and events. It also presents world news, a summary of the Gaceta de Manila, a serialized novel and even the activity in the port of Manila. Very brittle.


El Comercio

It has an article on the density of population in the Peninsula (Spain), news from Europe, such as Catholic teachings in France, official reports and annals of charity. It also published selected chapters of certain novels, and in spite of its name, it devoted much of its pages to religious news.


La Correspondencia Médica de Filipinas

Deals with medicine and surgery for the interest of professional doctors. Every number contains two sections: professional and popular medicine. Consists of 18 pages of which three are dedicated to medical advertisements. Its objectives are the expression of medical knowledge and the defense of professional interests, aside from serving as a venue for doctors to stay in touch with each other. The paper also tries to meet the needs of the masses so that people can be informed on medical matters. There are sections of original works about sicknesses and treatment of these. Also, the medical geography of the Philippines is thoroughly explained.


Crónica de Ciencias Médicas de Filipinas

The work is about the history of medicines, diseases, pharmacology, microbiology, public hygiene, and biographies of Medicine and Pharmacy professors in the Philippines.


La Democracia

The official organ of the Federal Party. It is the first Filipino newspaper that recognized American sovereignty in the country, and encourages the people to be open to the American government. Written in Spanish. Good reading condition although the first pages of the first issue are brittle.



Diario de Manila

A newspaper on national and international news. It contains section on official matters, literary works, foreign chronicles, exportations, religious news, departures and arrivals of boats. It has a serialized novel. It is in good condition although pages are brittle. From year 1895 there is a Sunday Supplement, illustrated and very entertaining.

Gaceta de Manila

This is the official organ of the Spanish Government in the Philippines. It contains official announcements, military information, arrivals and departures of ships and boats, news of the Civil Secretary Office, agricultural production, hospitals, education and other aspects of life in the country. It is in good condition.


El Ilocano

A bilingual (Spanish–Tagalog) newspaper, whose purpose is to bring science to the common people. It contains articles on Ilocos history, geography, law, letters from the Pope and church hierarchy, agriculture, practical pieces of advice, government, mathematics, and poetry. There is a section dedicated to women.


Ilustracion Filipina

A periodical in Spanish language established in the Philippines on 1 March 1859. This marked a somewhat significant epoch in Philippine journalism because it was the first to use pictures in news. It contains literary, historical and scientific articles. It has biographies, poems, short novels, legends, and stories. It includes 44 illustrations about Filipino life and landscape.


La Independencia

It became the most famous and most important paper of the Philippine Revolution. The first issue appeared on Sept. 3, 1899, and it continued to appear daily until 11 November 1900. Antonio Luna was its director, with Salvador Vivencio del Rosario as editor. The “refined expression and literary finesse” of the paper attracted readership and even caused some Spaniards to believe that traitorous Spaniards were writing and editing the paper. A selected group of journalists were the contributors, like: Fernando Ma. Guerrero, José Palma, Cecilio Apostol, León Ma. Guerrero, Epifanio de los Santos, Rafael Palma, José Abreu, Mariano V. del Rosario, and Felipe Calderón. Good reading condition but with very brittle pages.


Ang Kalayaan

A Catholic newspaper written in Tagalog on the life and doctrine of the Church and current events. It has also a Literary section. In good reading condition although the pages are brittle.




This is an illustrated, comical and humorous magazine. It includes literary articles, current events, miscellany and correspondence. Illustrations are very eloquent of the life in Manila at that time. It is in good reading condition although pages are brittle.

El Mercantil: Diario Español

This publication is the organ of the Spanish community in the Philippines during the beginning of the American government. It seeks to promote Spanish interests in the country. It provides national and international news. The copies are in good reading condition although with brittle pages.


La Opinion

This is a newspaper written in Spanish that deals with national and international news. It contains a literary section with a serialized novel. It includes an illustrated supplement page per week. The copies are in good reading condition although the pages are very brittle.


El Oriente

This is an illustrated magazine on literature, arts, industry, news, commerce, historical studies, and others. It is written in Spanish. Copies are in good condition.


The Philippines Commonweal

This is the official publication of the Catholic Action in the Philippines with national and international news about the church, a literary section, book reviews, doctrine, articles on family home, lives of saints and a society section. The copies are in good condition although brittle pages.



El Pueblo

A Catholic newspaper with no particular political affiliation whose objective is to defend the interests of the Catholic Church and its clergy. This also provides local and international news. It is in good condition.

El Renacimiento (Muling Pagsilang)

An Independent bilingual (Spanish-Tagalog) newspaper based on the principle of justice, liberty and general culture. It is aggressive against of American rule and was the official organ for the "Partido Independentista Inmediata" (Immediate Independence Party). It was against the economical exploitation of the country. The copies are in good reading condition although with very brittle pages.


Renacimiento Filipino

This is a bilingual (Spanish-Tagalog) magazine on science, the arts, literature, industry, trade & agriculture. It is an anti-American newspaper. It exposes abuses and economic exploitation of the constabulary. Most of the intellectual Filipinos at that time published articles in this paper. The copies are in very good condition.


Revista de Filipinas

Contains articles and news about saints, trees, institutions, cuadrilleros, drugs, new trees, people, customs & traditions, Tagalog scriptures, Mindoro, ethnography, agriculture, industry, the island of Formosa, military expeditions, economy and sugar. The copies are in good condition although many pages are brittle.


Revista de Noticias y Anuncios

A magazine containing news and important announcements. It is in good condition although pages are brittle.


Santo Tomas Journal of Medicine

“Official organ of St. Tomas medical faculty and UST Medical Association is the “Journal of Medicine”, a monthly publication of science papers written by medical men. The Journal dates from 1921, when the medical students of Santo Tomas together with the Pharmacy students published the magazine “Alma Mater”. This magazine, however was short-lived because in the same year, Very Fr. Acisclo Alfaguene, O.P., Rector of the University halted its publication as his administration decided to allow only one publication in the whole university, the “Unitas”, intended to be a joint publication of all the students and faculty members in all colleges and in that way promote their unity…


The Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, however, did not put its own (publication) until 1940 when it finally came out with the Journal of Medi-cine, inspired by Rev. Fr. Jose Cuesta, O.P. who was then the Medicine Regent, and Dean Bonifacio Mencias. First editor-in-chief was Bonifacio Mencias.


The Pacific war suspended publication of the Journal but it came out again upon liberation, and has since then come out bimonthly. The publication was founded for the purpose of serving as the official medium in which articles, lectures and papers of medical men, especially St. Tomas own medical professors, may be published, Medical students find the Jour-nal of practical help to them in their class work as well as ward work.” (Pe, 1973).


La Soberania Nacional

This is a bilingual (Spanish-Tagalog) dedicated to peace and independence. Some parts are with brittle pages.


La Vanguardia

This paper is the successor to El Renacimiento and came out when the latter was closed due to a libel case. This was the most influential Spanish paper of its time. It provides all kinds of national and international news. The copies are in good condition.


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